Dear Jim Hausman,
Please send us photographs of your local French windows. We’re interested.
Below, you’ll find two illustrations (Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, pp. 1024, 1025) from De Chiara, Joseph, Julius Panero and Martin Zelnik (eds.) Time Saver Standards for Interior Design and Space Saving (New York, McGraw-Hill, 1991). These refernces are among those that led me to my claim that French windows swing outwards. Please note captions and text below:
click images to enlarge
Outswinging casement sash.
Cross Sections: A, head jamb;
B,meeting styles; C,
side jambs; D, sill.
Solid-section steel outswinging
casement sash. Cross sections:
A, head jamb; B,
side jamb; C, sill.
In the book History of Interior Design and Furniture (New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1997), author Robbie G. Blakemore writes that starting in the second half of the 17thcentury, windows “sometimes rose from the floor to almost ceiling level and had double valves (sometimes termed French windows), in which the casements pivoted from the jamb […] When wood frames replaced the stone transoms and mullions and with rectangular panes it was possible for the casements to open outward.” (p. 164).
©2002 Succession Marcel Duchamp, ARS, N.Y./ADAGP, Paris. All rights reserved.